Mathematicians utilize mathematical formulas, theories, and techniques to develop basic knowledge and help solve scientific, academic, and engineering challenges. They're employed in a number of industries, including government, technology, and business. Applied mathematicians use mathematics for practical problem solving, while theoretical mathematicians work to create new theories, solve unsolved mathematical problems, and expand the possibilities of their field. Some of the general job responsibilities of mathematicians include:
- Using mathematics to solve practical problems in business, government, and other industries
- Developing new mathematical theories
- Creating mathematical models and developing computational methods
- Discovering new relationships between known mathematical principles
Technological developments in the area of data collection and processing are stimulating the demand for mathematicians. The BLS predicts there will be a 16% increase in jobs for mathematicians between 2010 and 2020. Mathematicians with a background in engineering, computer science, physics, or operations research are likely to enjoy the best job prospects.
Job Growth for
- Annual Pay National Average
- Hourly Pay National Average
|District of Columbia||60||$117,070||$56|
Becoming a Mathematician
Middle and high school mathematics teachers and mathematicians employed by the federal government typically hold a bachelor's degree in mathematics or a related field. Mathematics teachers also need to be state certified. In private industries, such as technology and engineering, most employers will require mathematicians hold a master's or doctorate. College mathematics professors must hold a doctorate.
Undergraduates pursuing a career in mathematics may select a mathematics degree program that concentrates on particular industry. Some schools offer mathematics degree programs that concentrate on either applied or theoretical mathematics in a particular industry. Students who double major in mathematics and a related field, such as computer science or engineering, may enjoy better job prospects. A sampling of classes you may take as an undergraduate, drawn from course listings for Mercy College's online bachelor's of science in mathematics degree program, include the following:
- Linear Algebra Probability
- Statistics: Theory & Applications
- Algebraic Structures
- Mathematical Modeling
Individuals with a master's degree in mathematics often work in a related field such as computer science and statistics. In addition to critical-thinking and problem-solving skills, mathematicians need strong communication skills in order to explain mathematical theories and propose solutions to problems to people without extensive mathematical knowledge.