Landscapers create and maintain attractive, functional, and healthy residential and commercial outdoor environments by planting, pruning, fertilizing, and watering trees, flowers, and shrubbery. They also attend to water drainage issues and manage outdoor pests, including weeds and insects. Landscapers also install and attend to indoor plant environments in malls, hotels, and other commercial and public facilities. They may be employed to build hardscapes, including walkways, patios, and decks, and install and integrate lighting and sprinkler systems. They are employed by college and university campuses, corporations, municipalities, amusement parks, golf courses, country clubs, and private homeowners. Some landscapers operate their own landscaping businesses.
Several training schools and community colleges offer certificate and career diploma programs in landscape management. Coursework will typically include planning a landscape or garden design, horticulture basics, turf grass management, plant diseases, weed and pest management, trimming and pruning techniques, soil technology, and water management and drainage. Additional on-the-job training for landscapers may include how to operate mowers, trimmers, leaf blowers, small tractors, and other mechanical equipment. Many schools also offer advanced degrees in landscape design, landscape architecture, horticulture, and arboriculture.
Most states require that landscapers who apply pesticides be licensed. Voluntary certification in landscape management can lead to career opportunities and advancement.