Programs in appliance repair teach students how to perform minor and major repairs on many different kinds of electric appliances, including dishwashers, microwaves, water heaters, air conditioning units, refrigerators, and electric ranges. A program may focus on several different types of major appliance repair, such as heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC), or just one specific area of home appliance technology.
Appliance repair technicians who work with refrigerants must be licensed by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Many appliance repair programs are designed to prepare graduates for the EPA exam. Some states require HVAC technicians to be licensed.
HVAC technicians may instead receive their training in appliance repair through a three to five year formal apprenticeship program. Apprenticeship programs are offered by any one of a number of organizations, including the Air Conditioning Contractors of America and the Plumbing-Heating-Cooling Contractors Association.
Employers are likely to favor job candidates with a high school diploma who have completed an appliance repair or apprenticeship program and don’t require a great deal of on-the-job training. Appliance repair technicians may be employed in the appliance department of a retail store, the sale department of a manufacturing or supply company, or an independently owned and operated appliance repair shop. Manufacturers may require technicians complete a specialized training course before performing warranty service on their products. Continuing education courses can help technicians stay abreast of technology and learn how to repair new appliance models.