Software developers design, test, and create software programs to meet the needs of users. This process includes the design of each part of a system or application and how those parts work together. They provide flowcharts and models so programmers know how to write the software's code, and they write documents that can be referenced for future upgrades. Software developers are involved with creating certain applications, such as video games or word processors, and operating systems. These systems include the interfaces found in mobile phones, computers, and other consumer electronics. Approximately 32% of software developers worked for computer systems design companies in 2010, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). The statistics listed above, and the job duties below, this paragraph are from the BLS.
- Design, test, and develop software based on a user's needs.
- Suggest software upgrades for existing programs and systems.
- Design each part of an application and determine how they will work together.
- Work with other computer programmers and other specialists to create the best software possible.
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Becoming a Software DeveloperA bachelor's degree in computer science, software engineering, or a related field is typically required for careers in software development. Some employers may prefer candidates who have a master's degree. Computer science programs typically include extensive study in mathematics, computer programming, data structures, algorithm design, and technical communication. Since computer science covers a wide range of topics you should select courses specific to software engineering or development to prepare yourself for a software development career. Software engineering programs, on the other hand, feature courses closely related to what developers do on a day-to-day basis, such as software testing, software project management, and software construction. Computer science and software engineering programs offer students ample opportunities to get hands-on experience with software design and programming. This may include modeling and designing software or writing code for a computer program. Some curriculum include internships or practicums that are designed to give students professional experience before they graduate. In addition to design and programming skills, software developers need to have strong analytical, communication, problem-solving, and customer-service skills, according to the BLS.
- Software Architecture and Design
- Software Project Management
- Software Construction and User Interfaces
- Software Testing