Computer programmers create software programs by using various coding languages, such as C++ or Java. They follow designs created by software developers and engineers to create instructions a computer can follow, test their programs to ensure they're working properly, and fix mistakes in the code if necessary. They write applications for cell phones or more complicated programs, including operating systems. The information above, and the list of common job duties below, is from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).
- Use C++, Java, or any other programming language to write programs.
- Update and debug existing programs.
- Use code libraries to simplify the writing process.
- Work with software developers to plan and create programs.
Job Growth for
Becoming a Computer ProgrammerMost employers prefer computer programmers who have a bachelor's degree in computer science, computer programming, or a related subject. However, some companies hire candidates who have associate degrees. Regardless of the level of degree, all candidates must know several computer programming languages, such as C++ or Java. In their classes students get experience writing code and debugging programs. However, work outside of school may be necessary as students only get experience with a few programming languages before they graduate. Some employers may require programmers to hold certification from a product vendor or software firm, such as Microsoft or Cisco. Candidates who have earned a certificate may have a competitive advantage in the job market since the credential demonstrates a level of proficiency with a certain type of software. Successful programmers are detail oriented and have strong analytical and troubleshooting skills in addition to their programming knowledge.
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